Solar eclipse: will the last Surya Grahan of 2021 be visible in India today? | World news
New Delhi: Astronomers will be in for a treat as the last solar eclipse (Surya Grahan) of 2021 will take place today (December 4). People across parts of the world will be lucky enough to experience a total or partial solar eclipse.
A solar eclipse, in particular, takes place when the Moon moves between the Sun and the Earth and casts a shadow on the Earth, totally or partially blocking sunlight in certain areas.
For a total solar eclipse to occur, the Sun, Moon, and Earth must be in a direct line.
The announcement of the @cessi_iiserkol prediction of the Sun’s coronal magnetic field for the solar eclipse of December 4, 2021. The total #Solar eclipse will only be visible over Antarctica. Excited by eclipses? Check out our resources for the public and scientists at: https://t.co/oSS7ExRake pic.twitter.com/YpV6QjlOH7
– Center of Excellence in Space Science India (@cessi_iiserkol) December 1, 2021
People in the center of the Moon’s shadow when it hits Earth are then able to see a total eclipse.
Will the solar eclipse (Surya Grahan) be visible in India?
According to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the only place where this total solar eclipse can be seen is Antarctica. In some places, while viewers will not be able to see the total solar eclipse, they will instead witness a partial solar eclipse. This happens especially when the Sun, Moon and Earth are not exactly aligned and the Sun will appear to have a dark shadow over only part of its surface.
Which countries will experience a partial solar eclipse (Surya Grahan)?
Residents of parts of Saint Helena, Namibia, Lesotho, South Africa, South Georgia and the Sandwich Islands, Crozet Islands, Falkland Islands, Chile, New Zealand and Australia will experience a partial solar eclipse. In many of these countries, the eclipse will occur before, during and after sunrise or sunset. Astronomers will need a clear view of the horizon at sunrise or sunset in order to see the eclipse.
How can India and other countries see the solar eclipse (Surya Grahan)?
Weather permitting, a view of the total solar eclipse from Union Glacier (Antarctica) will be shown on NASA’s YouTube channel and at nasa.gov/live.
When to see the solar eclipse (Surya Grahan)?
The live broadcast will begin at 1:30 a.m. EST (12:00 p.m. IST) and according to NASA, all will begin at 2:44 a.m. EST (1:14 p.m.). The stream will end at 3:37 a.m. EST (2:07 p.m.).
Are you in Antarctica? It’s cool if you’re not. You can still take advantage of the total alone #Solar eclipse of 2021 on December 4. Watch it LIVE: https://t.co/HH1sEaccXd
• Broadcast begins at 1:30 am ET (6:30 am UTC)
• All occurs at 02:44 ET (07:44 UTC)
– NASA (@NASA) December 3, 2021
How to watch a total or partial solar eclipse (Surya Grahan)?
People should note that it is never safe to look directly at the Sun, even if the Sun is partially or largely obscured. When observing a partial solar eclipse, a person must wear solar or eclipse viewing glasses during the entire eclipse if they are to face the Sun. Solar or eclipse viewing glasses are NOT ordinary sunglasses, and ordinary sunglasses are not safe for viewing the sun.
If a person is in the path of a total solar eclipse, they can only remove their solar or eclipse goggles when the Moon is completely blocking the Sun.
If a person does not have solar or eclipse viewing glasses, they can also use another indirect method, such as a pinhole projector.